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# Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Technology

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## Curriculum in Mathematics Education

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Download curriculum for Mathematics Education

## Curriculum in Mathematics

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Download curriculum for Mathematics

## Mathematics Course Descriptions

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25-050. MATHEMATICAL CONCEPTS. 3:3:0
This course provides students with mathematical tools and problem- solving skills needed to move comfortably and confidently into Mathematics 075, 101 and 105. The concepts explored include Number Systems, Ratio, Proportion, Percent, Measurement, Algebra, Graphing and Geometry. This course does not carry credits toward graduation.
25-075.INTRODUCTION TO ALGEBRA. 3:3:0
The course provides students with a solid foundation in algebra and problem-solving skills needed to move comfortably and confidently into College Algebra, Survey of Mathematics, or Mathematics for Primary and Middle Grade Teachers. Topics include the applications of linear and quadratic equations and inequalities to real world problems, graphing, rational and radical expressions, and systems of linear equations. This course does not carry credits toward graduation.
25-101. SURVEY OF MATHEMATICS I. 3:3:0
A course designed to acquaint students with problem-solving strategies, sets and applications, logic, arithmetic in different bases, real number system, and algebra. Prerequisite: Two units of high school mathematics. Credit: three hours.
25-102. SURVEY OF MATHEMATICS II. 3:3:0
A course designed to acquaint students with consumer mathematics, geometry, mathematical systems, introduction to probability and statistics, and an introduction to computers. Prerequisite: Mathematics 101. Credit: three hours.
25-105. MATHEMATICS FOR TEACHERS I. 3:3:0
This course is designed to acquaint prospective PK-8, vocational and special education teachers with the structure of the real numbers system, its subsystems, properties, operations, and algorithms. Topics include problem solving, logic, number theory, and mathematical operations over the natural, integer and rational numbers. The course emphasizes heuristic instruction of students with different learning styles. Prerequisite: Two years of high school Mathematics, including Algebra and Trigonometry. Credit: three hours.
25-106. MATHEMATICS FOR TEACHERS II. 3:3:0
A course designed to introduce problem-solving skills and heuristic instruction to prospective PK-8, vocational and special education teachers. Topics include real numbers, percents and interest, radicals, rational exponents, probability, statistics, geometry and measurement. Prerequisite: Mathematics 105. Credit: three hours.
25-121. COLLEGE ALGEBRA. 3:4:0
A course designed to expose students to polynomials, factoring, rational expressions, complex numbers, rational exponents, radicals, solutions of equations, linear and quadratic inequalities, functions and graphs, and synthetic division. A graphing calculator is used for learning and discovery in this course. Prerequisite: a minimum of three (3) units of college preparatory mathematics. Credit: three hours; four contact hours.
25-122. TRIGONOMETRY. 3:3:0
A course designed to prepare students for calculus. Topics include exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometric functions and graphs, trigonometric identities, trigonometric equations, inverse trigonometric functions, laws of sines and cosines and applications, matrices and determinants, and systems of equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 121. Credit: three hours.
25-125. FINITE MATHEMATICS. 3:3:0
The course is designed to prepare students for business calculus and quantitative business data analysis. Topics include counting techniques and series, systems of linear equations and inequalities, matrix algebra, linear programming, and exponential and logarithmic functions. Prerequisite: Mathematics 121. Credit: three hours.
25-203. COLLEGE GEOMETRY. 3:3:0
A course designed to prepare teachers in geometry. Topics include: axiomatic systems, methods of proof, formal synthetic Euclidean geometry, measurement, transformations, introduction to non-Euclidean geometries, and geometry within art and nature. Course emphasis will additionally be placed upon geometry education, problem-solving heuristic, and pedagogy. Prerequisite: Mathematics 122 or its equivalent. Credit: three hours.
25-204. NON-EUCLIDEAN GEOMETRY. 3:3:0
A treatment of Euclid's parallel postulate, nature of proof, characteristics of a mathematical system, Lobachevskian Geometry, and Riemannian Geometry. Prerequisite: Mathematics 203. Credit: three hours.
25-205. MATHEMATICS FOR TEACHERS III. 3:3:0
This course is designed to prepare prospective PK-8, vocational and special education teachers for solving mathematical problems originating from different disciplines. Topics include techniques and modes of operation in geometry, measurement, algebra, trigonometry and calculus. Prerequisite: Mathematics 106. Credit: three hours.
25-213. DISCRETE MATHEMATICS I. 3:3:0
An introduction to discrete mathematical structures for computer science with emphasis on logic, counting techniques, set theory, mathematical induction, relations, functions, and matrix algebra. Prerequisite: Mathematics 122. Credit: three hours.
25-214. DISCRETE MATHEMATICS II. 3:3:0
Principles and applications of discrete mathematical structures in computer science. Topics include Boolean algebra and switching functions, finite state machines, graph theory, trees and mathematical techniques for algorithmic analysis. Prerequisites: Mathematics 213 and 251. Credit: three hours.
25-225. CALCULUS FOR BUSINESS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES I. 3:3:0
An introduction to functions, limits and continuity, the derivative, marginal functions, maxima/minima, integrals and fundamental theorems of calculus, applications of differentiation and integration in Business and Economics. Prerequisite: Mathematics 125. Credit: three hours.
25-226. CALCULUS FOR BUSINESS AND SOCIAL SCIENCES II. 3:3:0
A continuation of Mathematics 225 covering a more general treatment and business applications of integration, partial derivatives, optimization problems and LaGrange multipliers, and multiple integration. Credit: three hours.
25-241. ELEMENTARY STATISTICS. 3:3:0
A course designed to introduce students to descriptive statistics, measures of central tendency and dispersion, probability, statistical inference, correlation, and regression analysis. Prerequisite: Mathematics 121. Credits: three hours.
25-251. CALCULUS I. 4:4:0
An introduction to limits, continuous functions, rate of change, derivatives, implicit differentiation, maximum and minimum points, and their applications, and development and application of the definite integral. Prerequisite: Mathematics 122. Credits: four hours.
25-252. CALCULUS II. 4:4:0
A continuation of Mathematics 251 covering logarithmic, exponential, trigonometric and hyperbolic functions, techniques of integration, indeterminate forms, improper integrals, Taylor's formula and infinite series. Prerequisite: Mathematics 251. Credit: four hours.
25-253. CALCULUS III. 4:4:0
A continuation of Mathematics 252 to include polar coordinates, vectors and parametric equations, solid analytic geometry and the calculus of several variables. Prerequisite: Mathematics 252. Credit: four hours.
25-313. LINEAR ALGEBRA. 3:3:0
A treatment of linear equations, matrices and determinants, vector spaces, inner product spaces, linear transformations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Prerequisite: Mathematics 252. Credit: three hours.
25-341. PROBABILITY. 3:3:0
This course is a treatment of probability theory with stochastic processes. Topics include sample spaces, probability measures, discrete and continuous random variables, sums of independent random variables, law of large numbers, and the Central Limit Theorem. Markov chain models and their applications in the social and natural sciences are included. Prerequisite: Mathematics 251, and 313. Credit: three hours.
25-351. ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. 3:3:0
A treatment of the solutions and applications of first order linear, homogenous and non-homogenous linear nth order differential equations. A presentation of the power series solutions, Laplace transform, linear systems of ordinary differential equations, and methods of numerical solutions. Prerequisites: Mathematics 252, and 313. Credit: three hours.
25-403. METHODS OF TEACHING MATHEMATICS IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 3:3:0
A study of the methods and materials used in teaching high school mathematics. This course introduces current educational theory, reform organizations and research methodologies. Topics include NCTM standards, effective teaching models, lesson plans, classroom management, professionalism, technology in the classroom, and current issues and trend. Prerequisite: Mathematics 252. Credit: three hours.
25-411. ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES I. 3:3:0
A study of set theory, functions, integers, groups, matrices, permutation and symmetric groups, LaGrange theorem, normal and factor groups, and homomorphisms. Prerequisite: Mathematics 252 and 214 or its equivalent. Credit: three hours.
25-412. ALGEBRAIC STRUCTURES II. 3:3:0
A continuation of Mathematics 411 covering rings, integral domains, ideals, polynomial rings, principal ideal domains, and unique factorization domains. Prerequisite: Mathematics 411. Credit: three hours.
25-431. NUMERICAL ANALYSIS. 3:3:0
An introduction to the solutions of equations in one variable, direct methods and matrix techniques for solving systems of equations, interpolation and polynomial approximation, numerical differentiation and integration, and the initial value problems for ordinary differential equations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 252 and Computer Science 240 or 262 or other programming language. Credit: three hours.
25-451. ADVANCED CALCULUS I. 3:3:0
A treatment of vector spaces, differentiation of vector valued functions, and functions of several variables, partial derivatives, maximum and minimum of functions of several variables, Taylor's formula and applications, line and double integrals, Prerequisite: Mathematics 253. Credit: three hours.
25-452. ADVANCED CALCULUS II. 3:3:0
A continuation of Mathematics 451 covering curve and double integrals, Green's Theorem, triple and surface integrals, Divergence Theorem in 3-D space, Stoke's Theorem, Differentiability and the Change of Variable Theorem for functions from Rn into Rm, the Jacobian Matrix, the inverse mapping and implicit function theorem. Prerequisite: Mathematics 451. Credit: three hours.
25-461.INTRODUCTION TO REAL ANALYSIS. 3:3:0
An introduction to ordered and Archimedean fields, the theory of limits and continuity of functions, topological concepts, properties of continuous functions, the theory of differentiation and integration, and selected topics from power series and functions of several variables. Prerequisite: Mathematics 451. Credit: three hours.
25-471. COMPLEX ANALYSIS. 3:3:0
An introduction of complex numbers, Cauchy-Riemann equations, analytic and harmonic functions, elementary functions and their properties, branches of logarithmic functions, inverse trigonometric functions, the Cauchy-Goursat theorem, the Cauchy integral formula, Monera's theorem, Maximum Modula of functions, Taylor and Laurent series, residues and poles, linear fractional transformations. Prerequisite: Mathematics 452. Credit: three hours.
25-491. HISTORY OF MATHEMATICS. 3:3:0
A study of the evolution of mathematics. Topics include the scope and history of the Egyptian geometry, Greek and Arabic mathematics, the mechanical world, probability theory, number theory, non-Euclidean geometry, and set theory. Prerequisite: Mathematics 203 and 253. Credit: three hours.
25-498. TOPICS IN MATHEMATICS. 3:3:0
A treatment of selected topics in mathematics. (This is a senior capstone course.) Prerequisite: Approval of the Department of Mathematics. Credit: three hours.
25-499. SEMINAR IN MATHEMATICS. 3:3:0
A treatment of selected topics in mathematics augmented by invited guest speakers and student presentations. Prerequisite: Approval of the Department of Mathematics. Credit: three hours.
Department Homepage

## Applied Mathematics Research Center

Description:

**Applied Mathematics Research Center
ETV Building 116
Phone: 302.857.7516
Fax: 302.857.7517**

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Delaware State University Applied Mathematics Research Center (AMRC) was initially funded by the Department of Defense (DoD) in 2003. AMRC is designed to create a research environment where multidisciplinary groups work together to solve applied mathematics problems in military and other areas. The research center consists of faculty of Mathematics, Computer Science, Electrical Engineering, and Biotechnology, research associates, visiting professors and an administrative assistant.
The major goals are:
to establish a permanent research base at Delaware State University which produces new knowledge and quality, publishable, peer-reviewed research relevant to DoD research goals
to enhance participation and substantial involvement of minority graduate (M.S. and Ph.D.) and undergraduate students and faculty in Science and Mathematics research
to provide additional training in mathematics and sciences to minority female high school students by involving them a summer program (GEMS), and therefore to prepare more minority students (especially women) in sciences and mathematics
to foster long-term research collaboration among scientists with Army Research Laboratories, and other national government and academic institutions; and 5) to ensure long term sufficient research funding
MAIN RESEARCH AREAS
Ground Penetrating Radar Imaging
Buried object detection using GPR has attracted tremendous attention in the past decades because of its important military, such as mine detection, and commercial applications. Our current work aims to use vector multiresolution representation for the antenna array receiving data in multifrequency ground penetrating radar (GPR), and solves the inverse scattering problem, and then uses the hidden Markov model (HMM) in the wavelet transform domain for the target detection. We plan to expand our GPR imaging research in three aspects:
continuing to investigate our current research targets;
developing algorithms for 3-D GPR imaging; and
processing real land mine GPR data with new algorithms.
The NURBS methods of Computer geometric design in automatic representing 3D objects
NURBS is the most popular and widely used method and tool in the field of computer geometric design in representing and manipulating 3D objects. The objectives of the project are to study the following problems in reconstruction of smooth surfaces, which are:
producing polygonal model from scattered and unstructured 3D data, and/or even from 2D data;
mesh quadrilaterization of the polygonal model; and
the representation of the parametric surfaces on each quadrilateral patch, and the construction of NURBS surface model.
Image Registration
The research task is to develop software in C or MATLAB that will create a unified image from a sequence of smaller images. The dyadic combination of images is the basic operation; the recursive implementation of this combination will constitute the desired algorithm. A data set of the Blossom Point test range will be used as the data source. We will identify relevant features that allow images to be merged. It is expected that these features will also be applicable to similar images. This software will be developed with the expectation that it will be enhanced to include problems associated with scaling, and then 3D image reconstruction.
Signal Processing in Data Mining
The ultimate goal of the proposed research is to provide advances in technology towards successful development, testing, refinement and application of intelligent, self-adaptive software systems. The approaches integrate computer vision systems, soft computing and evolutionary computational paradigms, complex adaptive software structures and robust machine learning algorithms. In addition, we aim towards practical design, development, prototyping and evaluation of a knowledge-based software system that will integrate theoretical aspects of the proposed techniques into user-friendly application equipped by advanced user interface and enhanced data base management capabilities.
Biotechnology
The research focuses on nucleotide sequence and chromatin structure requirements for integration. We will also deal with the scientific, social, and ethical issues related to the field of Biotechnology, present the elements of biostatics and numerical methods needed for quantitative data analysis and interpretation, and provide practical experience with the use of software and databases in the investigation of problems critical to biotechnology and molecular biology to our undergraduate students.
Other Research Areas
Inverse Ill-Posed Problems, Numerical Analysis, Partial Differential Equations, Integral Equations, Wavelets and Image Analysis, Scientific Computation, and Mathematical Physics.
Outreach
Delaware State University (DSU) will conduct the pre-college program Girls Explorations in Mathematics and Science (GEMS). GEMS is a three-week summer residential program involving hands-on explorations in mathematics, biology, and information technology with research activities. This project will offer 20 motivated high-potential female high school students entering tenth and eleventh grades an opportunity to integrate and apply concepts from these disciplines to problem solving. GEMS program is designed to stimulate and extend students’ interest in these fields and encourage them to investigate careers in mathematics, biology, and information technology. This addresses the problem of under-representation of women, in particular minorities, in these fields. Three college professors and three high school teachers, who are assisted by six undergraduate/ graduate female students, conduct the project. The curriculum has been carefully designed to expose students to research methodology, to enable them to see the connections between mathematics, biology, and information technology. The participants work in small groups and use computers extensively to explore and discover mathematical and biological concepts.
Department Homepage

## Department of Mathematical Sciences

Description:

**ETV Building Room 107**

Ph: 302-857-7051

Fax: 302-857-7054

Ph: 302-857-7051

Fax: 302-857-7054

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Mission
The mission of the Mathematical Sciences Department are to provide opportunities for students to develop functional competence in mathematics; an appreciation for the contributions of mathematics to science, engineering, business, economics, and the social sciences; and the power of critical thinking. The Department strives to prepare students to pursue graduate study and for careers in teaching, government, and industry.
The Department aims to provide the student with a course of study directed toward an understanding of mathematical theory and its relation to other fields of study. This study includes an emphasis on precision of definition, reasoning to precise conclusions, and an analysis and solution of problems using mathematical principles.
Students who select a major in the Department must complete the general education program which is required of all students. Request more information
Curriculum Options for Majors
MATHEMATICS:
The requirements for a major in Mathematics are: MTSC 191,192, 213, 251, 252, 253, 313, 317 or 319, 341, 351, 411, 451, 452, 461, 491, 498, and two Mathematics Elective course can be selected from MTSC-300 or higher level courses, except MTSC-402 & 403. These courses include MTSC 317(S/E) or 319(S/O), 412(S), 431(F), 454(F), 471(S), or 499, and could occur in the Fall or Spring semester of the Senior year.
MATHEMATICS EDUCATION:
The requirements for a teaching major in Mathematics are:MTSC 191,192, 203, 213, 241, 251, 252, 253, 313, 341, 402, 403, 411, 491, and one Mathematics Elective course can be selected from MTSC-300 or higher level courses. Students must take and pass PRAXIS Core and apply for admission to the TEP prior to the start of their junior year. Students must pass PRAXIS II prior to student teaching.
OPTION FOR MINORS
To provide an opportunity for students to obtain a minor concentration in mathematics, the Department of Mathematical Sciences offers the following option:
Minor in Mathematics:
Twenty-one (21) hours distributed as follows: Mathematics 251, 252, 253; and nine (9) additional hours selected from Mathematics courses at the 300 level or higher, excluding 403.
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## Curriculum in Electrical Engineering

Description:

#### (Left) Student working on electrical engineering project in laboratory

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Electrical Engineering Track
All students who select the Engineering Physics program major must complete the general education program as required of all students (See General Education Requirements). In addition, students must take Physics 191, 192, 201, 202, 220, 361, 362,401, 402, 418; Engineering 205, 210, 211, 212, 220, 221, 302, 309, 340; Mathematics 251, 252, 253; Chemistry 101, and technical electives specific to each track.
Technical Elective Selection
Students who desire to major in Engineering Physics in the Electrical Engineering track will choose a minimum of 12 credits from technical electives from among the following:
Course
Course Name
Credits
26-316
Introduction to Optics
4
26-331
Mathematical Methods of Physics I
3
26-332
Mathematical Methods of Physics II
3
26-302
Signal Processing I
3
26-311
Fiber Optics Communication
4
26-315
Computer Communications
3
26-310
Optical Electronics
3
26-404
Introduction to VLSI Design
4
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## Curriculum for Physics

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Freshman Fall Semester
Freshman Spring Semester
Course
Course Name
Cr
Course
Course Name
Cr
26-201
General Physics I*
4
26-202
General Physics II*
4
25-251
Calculus I
4
25-252
Calculus II
4
24-101
Gen and Analytical Chemistry I
4
26-220
Scientific Programming
3
01-101
English Composition I*
3
01-102
English Composition II*
3
26-191
University Seminar I*
1
26-192
University Seminar II*
1
Total Credits
16
Total Credits
15
Sophomore Fall Semester
Sophomore Spring Semester
Course
Course Name
Cr
Course
Course Name
Cr
26-313
Analytic Mechanics I
3
26-314
Analytic Mechanics II
3
26-316
Introduction to Optics*
4
50-309
Electronic Circuit Analysis I
4
25-351
Differential Equations
3
25-253
Calculus III
4
01-xxx
World Literature Elective*
3
01-200
Speech
3
16-100
Lifetime Fitness and Wellness
2
xx-xxx
Arts and Humanities Elective
3
Total Credits
15
Total Credits
17
Junior Fall Semester
Junior Spring Semester
Course
Course Name
Cr
Course
Course Name
Cr
26-361
Modern Physics
3
26-362
Quantum Mechanics
3
26-331
Math Methods of Physics I
3
26-332
Math Methods of Physics II
3
26-305
Thermal Physics
3
26-xxx
Technical Elective
3/4
xx-xxx
Technical Elective
3/4
31-395
Global Societies
3
34-xxx
World History Elective
3
xx-xxx
Social Science Elective
3
Total Credits
15-16
Total Credits
15-16
Senior Fall Semester
Senior Spring Semester
Course
Course Name
Cr
Course
Course Name
Cr
26-401
Electricity and Magnetism I
3
26-402
Electricity and Magnetism II
3
26-407
Advanced Modern Physics
4
26-418
Theoretical & Experimental Research**
3
26-451
Introduction to Research*
3
26-xxx
Technical Elective
3/4
26-xxx
Technical Elective
3/4
xx-xxx
Technical Elective
3/4
xx-xxx
Arts and Humanities Elective
3
Total Credits
16-17
Total Credits
12-14
Total Credits: 121-126
** Senior Capstone
* Writing Intensive Course(s)
Students will complete a course that addresses the African-American experience. This course may also satisfy the arts & humanities elective, the social science elective or can be taken to fulfill a free elective

## Physics Course Descriptions

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PHYSICS (PHYS)
PHYS-111. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS I 3:3:0
An introductory course in physics with emphasis on mechanics, sound, thermodynamics, optics, electricity, and magnetism. Three (3) lectures per week.
Prerequisites: MTSC-121, MTSC-122 or consent of the Department.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-111L. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS LABORATORY I 1:0:2
Laboratory section taken in association with PHYS-111 and PHYS-112. One (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Corequisites: PHYS-111, PHYS-112.
Credit, one hour each.
PHYS-112. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS II 3:3:0
An introductory course in physics with emphasis on mechanics, sound, thermodynamics, optics, electricity, and magnetism. Three (3) lectures per week.
Prerequisites: MTSC-121, MTSC-122 or consent of the Department.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-112L. INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICS LABORATORY II 1:0:2
Laboratory section taken in association with PHYS-111 and PHYS-112. One (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Corequisites: PHYS-111, PHYS-112.
Credit, one hour each.
PHYS-121. CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS I 3:2:2
Designed primarily for the non-science major. A descriptive treatment of the basic principles of classical physics. Motion, energy, properties of matter, and thermal physics are treated in a conceptual, largely non-mathematical format. There are no mathematics or science prerequisites. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-122. CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS II 3:2:2
Designed primarily for the non-Science major. A descriptive treatment of the basic principles of sound, electricity, magnetism, and optics is presented in a conceptual, largely non-mathematical, format. There are no mathematics or science prerequisites. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-123. CONCEPTS OF MODERN PHYSICS 3:2:2
A descriptive treatment of relativity, atomic structure, and nuclear physics primarily for the non-science major. In the laboratory period, selected topics of 20th century physics are investigated. There are no mathematics or science prerequisites. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-131. ENERGY 3:2:2
A course covering the scientific, technological, economic, political, and environmental factors associated with energy production and use. There are no mathematics or science prerequisites. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-141. SOUNDS AND ACOUSTICS 3:2:2
An introductory course for the non-Science major which investigates the principles underlying hi-fidelity sound reproduction equipment and techniques. Topics covered include speaker design, radio transmission, receiver and amplifier operation, and tape and CD function. There are no mathematics or science prerequisites. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory each week.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-191. UNIVERSITY SEMINAR I PHYSICS AND PRE-ENGINEERING 1:2:0
University Seminar is a two-semester, General Education course sequence designed to provide students with the essentials for a smooth transition to college life and academic success. Academic skills will be developed. These skills include critical reading, thinking, listening, writing, speaking, and using the library, the internet, and word processing. Values clarification, coping with peer pressures, and the impact of a healthy lifestyle will be addressed. Opportunities will be provided for self-evaluation and growth in basic learning strategies as well as personal and career goals. Knowing the history of the University, feeling connected to the institution, and sharing a common educational experience with other freshmen are important goals of this course. Students will also engage in analytical problem solving and learn about the process of science by designing investigations to answer scientific questions and implementing the use of technology to complete these investigations.
Credit, one hour.
PHYS-192. UNIVERSITY SEMINAR II PHYSICS AND PRE-ENGINEERING 1:1:0
University Seminar is a two-semester, General Education course sequence designed to provide students with the essentials for a smooth transition to college life and academic success. Academic skills will be developed. These skills include critical reading, thinking, listening, writing, speaking, and using the library, the internet, and word processing. Values clarification, coping with peer pressures, and the impact of a healthy lifestyle will be addressed. Opportunities will be provided for self-evaluation and growth in basic learning strategies as well as personal and career goals. Knowing the history of the University, feeling connected to the institution, and sharing a common educational experience with other freshmen are important goals of this course. Students will also engage in analytical problem solving and learn about the process of science by designing investigations to answer scientific questions and implementing the use of technology to complete these investigations.
Credit, one hour.
PHYS-201. GENERAL PHYSICS I 4:3:2
An elementary treatment of mechanics, wave motion, hydrostatics, sound, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism. Some calculus concepts are employed, and the problem method is largely used. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.Co-requisites: MTSC-251
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-202. GENERAL PHYSICS II 4:3:2
An elementary treatment of mechanics, wave motion, hydrostatics, sound, heat, light, electricity, and magnetism. Some calculus concepts are employed, and the problem method is largely used. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.Pre-requisite: PHYS 201, Co-requisites: MTSC-252.
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-211. FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICS I 4:3:2
A calculus based general physics sequence intended to meet the needs of students enrolled in all science, math, and technology programs (except physics and engineering majors). The sequence will address the fundamental concepts in linear and rotational mechanics, fluids, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, electric fields and circuits, magnetic fields, geometric and wave optics, and topics in modern physics. The following Strands and Goals of the General Education Program will be addressed by this course: Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, Across the Curriculum, Critical Thinking / Problem Solving, Computer and Information Technology, and Moral / Ethical Issues. Co-requisites: MTSC-251
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-212. FUNDAMENTALS OF PHYSICS II 4:3:2
A calculus based general physics sequence intended to meet the needs of students enrolled in all science, math, and technology programs (except physics and engineering majors). The sequence will address the fundamental concepts in linear and rotational mechanics, fluids, thermodynamics and kinetic theory, electric fields and circuits, magnetic fields, geometric and wave optics, and topics in modern physics. The following Strands and Goals of the General Education Program will be addressed by this course: Reading, Writing, Speaking, Listening, Across the Curriculum, Critical Thinking / Problem Solving, Computer and Information Technology, and Moral / Ethical Issues. Pre-Requisite: PHYS 211
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-220. SCIENTIFIC PROGRAMMING 3:3:0
An introduction to scientific software including program writing, data processing, and visualization. Software packages used for the class include C/C++, MATLAB, and Origin. Pre-Requisite: PHYS 201
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-250. RADIOISOTOPES 3:2:2
A lecture and laboratory course designed to provide a theoretical and practical knowledge of radioisotopes. The lecture topics include properties of radiation, nuclear reactions, health physics, and applications of radioisotopes in research and industry. In the laboratory, emphasis is placed on radiation detection, and measurement with appropriate safety precautions. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisites: Completion of the Mathematics requirements under General Education.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-261. ELECTRONICS FOR SCIENTISTS 3:1:4
The course includes the development of skills and understanding of basic principles of electronic instrumentations. Typical topics include the study and use of simple circuits and basic electronic devices like diodes and transistors, the measurement of characteristics of electronic signals and the use of basic instrumentation like oscilloscopes, amplifiers, signal generators, power supplies, detectors and others for conducting concrete physical experiments. One (1) laboratory period. Prerequisites: MTSC-252, PHYS-202.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-302. SIGNAL PROCESSING I 3:3:0
An introduction to both the theory and applications in signals and systems. Discrete and continuous time signals and systems, sampling, and conversion between analog and digital signals.Prerequisites: ENGR-212.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-305. THERMAL PHYSICS 3:3:0
An intermediate course on the thermal phenomena involving gases and solids. The topics included are thermometry, calorimetry, specific heat, expansion, heat transfer, introductory kinetic theory, laws of thermodynamics, and applications. Three (3) lectures per week. Prerequisites: PHYS-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-306. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS OF PHYSICS 3:3:0
Development and computer-assisted analysis of mathematical models in chemistry, physics, and engineering. Typical topics include reaction rates, particle scattering, vibrating systems, least square analysis, and quantum chemistry. One (1) class period and two (2) computer laboratory periods. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202, PHYS 220
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-307. SOUND AND VIBRATION 3:2:2
An intermediate course in the fundamentals of periodic phenomena including wave motion in solid, liquid, and gaseous media, and introductory acoustics. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-310. OPTICAL ELECTRONICS 3:3:0
An overview of laser and optical systems with emphasis on optical beams and resonant laser cavities, characteristics of typical lasers (gas, solid state, and semiconductor), and application of optical devices. Prerequisites: PHYS-351.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-311. FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS 4:3:2
The course enables students to gain theoretical and practical background in both physics and engineering aspects of fiber optic communications including the fundamental principle of light propagation in optical fibers and waveguides, the critical components of fiber optic networks, and fiber optical network systems. Prerequisites: PHYS-316.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-313. ANALYTICAL MECHANICS I 3:3:0
An intermediate level sequence of courses addressing the mechanics of single particles, systems of particles, and rigid bodies. The effects of forces and moments are investigated first through the equilibrium of structures and then through the study of dynamic systems. The conservation principles will be emphasized, and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics will be used to analyze a variety of mechanical systems. Four (4) lecture periods per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-314. ANALYTICAL MECHANICS II 3:3:0
An intermediate level sequence of courses addressing the mechanics of single particles, systems of particles, and rigid bodies. The effects of forces and moments are investigated first through the equilibrium of structures and then through the study of dynamic systems. The conservation principles will be emphasized, and Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics will be used to analyze a variety of mechanical systems. Four (4) lecture periods per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, four hours each.
PHYS-315. COMPUTER COMMUNICATIONS 3:3:0
An introduction, with an engineering emphasis, to the basic concepts of computer communication networks; network protocols, architecture, packet switching, LAN and WAN technologies, internet protocols, network performance, security, and management. Three (3) lectures per week. Prerequisites: PHYS-213.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-316. INTRODUCTION TO OPTICS 4:3:2
An intermediate course in the fundamentals of physical optics. Topics included are theories of light, measurement of the speed of light, reflection, refraction, interference, diffraction, scattering, polarization, crystal optics, lasers and holography, optical instruments, and spectroscopy. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, MTSC-201, MTSC-202.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-317. FOUNDATIONS OF BIOENGINEERING 3:3:0
An overview of the structure and function of biological molecules. The course covers in depth the physical aspects of human anatomy, molecular, and cellular biology.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-331. MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS I 3:3:0
An intermediate course covering applied differential equations, vectors, matrices, Fourier series, Laplace transformations, and boundary value problems in general. Three (3) lectures per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-332. MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS II 3:3:0
An intermediate treatment of mathematical topics including complex variables, linear vector spaces, and integral transforms. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-351. APPLIED PHYSICS LAB I 3:1:4
An intermediate level course sequence in which applications of basic principles to laboratory systems are stressed. Areas treated include signal processing, electro-optical devices, and automated laboratory systems. One (1) lecture and two (2) two-hour laboratory sessions per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-205.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-352. APPLIED PHYSICS LAB II 3:1:4
An intermediate level course sequence in which applications of basic principles to laboratory systems are stressed. Areas treated include signal processing, electro-optical devices, and automated laboratory systems. One (1) lecture and two (2) two-hour laboratory sessions per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-205.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-361. MODERN PHYSICS 3:3:0
A course covering an introduction to the special theory of relativity, wave-particle duality, the quantum theory and their application to the study of the structure of atoms, and the atomic nuclei. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-362. QUANTUM MECHANICS 3:3:0
A course in the basic principles of quantum mechanics covering the Schrodinger equation, operators and transformation theory, angular momentum, atomic structure, and perturbation theory. Three (3) lectures per week.
Prerequisites: PHYS-313, PHYS-314, PHYS-361.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-404. INTRODUCTION TO VLSI DESIGN 4:3:2
An introduction to the design and technology of very large scale integrated (VLSI) devices, circuits and systems including logic design fundamentals, graphics layout, clocking and timing, architecture, performance, limitations, packaging, and a required design project. Prerequisites: ENGR-309.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-405. ELECTRONICS PHYSICS I 3:1:4
An intermediate course in applied electronics. One (1) lecture and two (2) two-hour laboratory periods per week.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-406. ELECTRONICS PHYSICS II 3:1:4
An intermediate course in applied electronics. One (1) lecture and two (2) two-hour laboratory periods per week.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-407. ADVANCED MODERN PHYSICS 4:3:2
New concepts of physics developed in the 20th century, namely quantum mechanics and relativity, are applied to study a variety of modern physics problems ranging from atomic and nuclear physics to molecular physics and nuclear physics. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202, PHYS-361.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-408. MODERN OPTICAL TECHNIQUES 3:3:0
The course enables students to gain both physics and engineering aspects of various modern optical imaging, sensing, and detection techniques. Focus is given to applications in industry, defense and security, and life science.
Prerequisites: PHYS-316.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-409. BIOSENSORS AND BIOINSTRUMENTATION 4:3:2
Origins and characteristics of bioelectric signals, recording electrodes, biopotential amplifiers, basic sensors, chemical, pressure, sound, and flow transducers, noninvasive monitoring techniques, and electrical safety. Prerequisites: PHYS-317.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-410. MOLECULAR ENGINEERING SYSTEMS 4:3:2
An overview of engineering biology with an emphasis on molecular systems. Topics include DNA nanotechnology, cell cloning, and gene therapy. Prerequisites: PHYS-317.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-411. THEORY OF ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I 3:3:0
An intermediate course in the theory of electricity and magnetism. Topics include electrostatics, electrodynamics, dielectric theory, magnetic properties of matter, and Maxwell‘s Equations. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-313, PHYS-314 or equivalent.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-412. THEORY OF ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II 3:3:0
An intermediate course in the theory of electricity and magnetism. Topics include electrostatics, electrodynamics, dielectric theory, magnetic properties of matter, and Maxwell‘s Equations. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Co-requisites: Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-313, PHYS-314 or equivalent.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-413. INTRODUCTION TO LASER PHYSICS 4:3:2
The course will develop understanding of the basic principles as well as the theory of different types of lasers. The topics will include fundamentals of quantum electronics, oscillator model, rate equations, stimulated transitions, population inversion, laser amplification, design of laser resonators, principles of Q-switching, mode locking, injection locking, and modern applications of lasers. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week.
Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-316, PHYS-361, and consent of the Instructor.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-418. THEORETICAL AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH 3:1:4
A laboratory course for senior Physics majors covering selected topics on intermediate and advanced levels. One (1) lecture and two (2) two-hour laboratory periods per week. Prerequisites: Consent of the Department.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-421. INTRODUCTION TO SOLID STATE PHYSICS 3:3:0
A study of the fundamental properties of metals, semiconductors, and insulators: crystal structure, lattice vibrations and electron theory of metals and semiconductors. Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-201, PHYS-202.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-423. INTRODUCTION TO NONLINEAR OPTICS 4:3:2
The course will develop an understanding of the basic principles of light matter interaction and develop the fundamental concepts of various nonlinear optical processes in different type of materials. The topics will include an anharmonic classical oscillator model for nonlinear susceptibility, quantum mechanical treatment of nonlinear susceptibility, resonant and nonresonant nonlinearities, nonlinearities due to molecular orientation, optical phase conjugation, bistability, spontaneous and stimulated light scattering, and photorefractive phenomena and their applications.
Prerequisites: MTSC-251, MTSC-252, PHYS-316, PHYS-361, PHYS-362, and consent of the Instructor.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-441. SELECTED TOPICS IN PHYSICS I 3:3:0
An intermediate course covering subjects related to current developments in physics.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Department.
Three credit hours
PHYS-442. SELECTED TOPICS IN PHYSICS II 3:3:0
An intermediate course covering subjects related to current developments in physics.
Prerequisites: Consent of the Department.
Credit, three hours each.
PHYS-451. INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH 3:3:0
This course is an independent study course dealing with current research methodologies in physics.
Prerequisites: PHYS-201, PHYS-202
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-452. RESEARCH ETHICS 3:3:0
A discussion of the moral values, the attitudes and habits acceptable in research, and as exemplified in the process of the acquisition of scientific data, their analysis, and dissemination.
Credit, three hours.
ENGINEERING (ENGR)
ENGR-105. PROGRAMMING FOR ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS 3:3:0
Introduction to the computer language C/C++ and its use to solve elementary engineering problems using structured and object-oriented programming. Three (3) lectures per week.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-106. PROGRAMMING FOR ENGINEERS 3:3:0
Introduction to the computer language FORTRAN 90 and its use to solve elementary engineering problems. Three (3) lectures per week.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-107. GENERAL GEOLOGY FOR ENGINEERS 4:4:0
The nature of the Earth and of the processes that shape it: the Earth‘s external and internal energy, minerals and rocks, external processes and the evolution of the landscape, internal processes and the structure of the Earth, the Earth compared with other planets, sources of materials, and energy.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-132. ENGINEERING GRAPHICS AND ANALYSIS 3:0:5
Fundamental concepts of multi-view projection drawing and application of drawing conventions. Includes sectional views, dimensioning, pictorial representation, fastener specifications, and drawings for various engineering disciplines. Computer applications include data structure for computer modeling, plotting routines for computer drawing, and an introduction to CAD principles. Five (5) hours laboratory per week.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-202. INTRODUCTION TO DIGITAL SYSTEMS 4:3:1
A unified overview of the interrelationship among the digital representation and processing of information, the analysis and design of combinational and sequential digital networks, and the application of stored program information processors. Three (3) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: PHYS-202.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-205. ANALOG CIRCUITS I 4:3:3
Laws of the electric circuit, analysis of DC and AC circuits, network equations, and network theorems. Three (3) lectures and one (1) three-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-351, PHYS-202.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-210. INTRODUCTION TO COMBINATIONAL LOGIC 2:2:2
Boolean algebra and its application to logic gates. Simplification of switching functions. Gate level logic design and design with MSI and LSI. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory per week. Pre-Requisite: MTSC 121
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-211. INTRODUCTION TO SEQUENTIAL CIRCUITS 2:2:2
Analysis and design of synchronous, asynchronous systems, and algorithmic state machines. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-210.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-212. SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS 4:3:1
An introduction to both theory and applications in signals and systems with applications drawn from communications, automatic control, filtering, audio, and image processing. Discrete and continuous time signals and systems, sampling, convolution, Fourier series and transforms, conversion between analog and digital signals. modulation, and Laplace and Z-transforms. Three (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory period per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-252.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-220. MICROPROCESSOR-BASED SYSTEMS I 2:2:2
Introduction to small computing machines, architecture organization, and programming. One (1) lecture and one (1) two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-211 and consent of the Department.
Credit, two hours.
ENGR-221. MICROPROCESSOR-BASED SYSTEMS II 2:2:2
Extension of the concepts of Electrical Engineering 220 with emphasis on I/O, interrupt systems, and interfacing. One (1) lecture and one (1) two-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-220.
Credit, two hours.
ENGR-225. LOGICAL DESIGN OF DIGITAL CIRCUITS 3:3:0
The logical properties of circuits based on two (2) valued devices; analysis and synthesis of combinational networks, optimization of combinational nets; sequential system organization and optimization; arithmetic algorithms, and languages for describing the behavior of automata. Prerequisites: ENGR-202.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-270. INTRODUCTION TO DISCRETE SYSTEMS 3:3:0
An algorithmic, discrete signal approach to electrical systems. Topics include digital signal representation, digital filters, Z transforms, discrete Fourier systems, graphs, and flow network applied to electrical systems. Prerequisites: MTSC-252.
Credit, three hours.
ENGR-302. MATERIAL SCIENCE FOR ENGINEERS 4:3:3
Crystal binding and structure; energetic and structure of lattice defects; structures of inorganic and organic polymers; electronic and magnetic properties; elasticity, plasticity, and fracture; phase equilibria and transformations; reactions of structure, and treatment to properties. Three (3) one-hour lectures and one (1) three-hour laboratory per week.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-309. ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS 4:3:3
Introduction to the physical principle of solid-state electronic devices. Quantitative study of elementary circuits including biasing, linear power amplifiers, low-frequency small signal analysis, multiple transistor circuits, and feedback. Three (3) lectures and one (1) three-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: ENGR-205.
Credit, four hours.
ENGR-340. SOLID STATE ELECTRONICS 3:3:0
An introduction to basic semiconductor physics concepts and their application to the study of electronic and optoelectronic circuits. Applications to electronic and optoelectronic devices such as diodes, transistors, LED's detectors, photodiodes, and integrated circuits. Three (3) lectures per week. Prerequisites: MTSC-351.
Credit, three hours.
ASTRONOMY (ASTR)
ASTR-101. DESCRIPTIVE ASTRONOMY I 3:2:2
An introductory course designed primarily for the non-Science major. Topics include the motion of celestial bodies, historical development of astronomy, structure of solar system members, and stellar evolution. Two (2) lectures and one (1) two-hour laboratory per week.
Credit, three hours.

## Physics Graduate Course Descriptions

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PHYS-535. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS I 3:3:0
Designed to acquaint students with the principles of basic experiments in all major branches of physics, stressing design of apparatus, procedures and analysis of projects involving mechanical, optical, electronic and thermal techniques, with microcomputers employed to collect and analyze experimental data.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-536. METHODS OF EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS II 3:3:0
Designed to acquaint students with the principles of basic experiments in all major branches of physics, stressing design of apparatus, procedures and analysis of projects involving mechanical, optical, electronic and thermal techniques, with microcomputers employed to collect and analyze experimental data.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-563. MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS III 3:3:0
An intermediate course in applied mathematics. Topics covered include the solution of differential equations, vector
Calculus, Fourier series and Laplace transforms.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-565. THERMAL PHYSICS 3:3:0
Statistical inference is used to deduce the fundamental principles of thermodynamics and kinetic theory. These principles are applied to ideal and real gases, solids, closed and open systems, and black body radiation.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-567. INTERMEDIATE ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM I 3:3:0
A treatment of electrostatics, Dielectric Theory, magnetic phenomena, magnetic media, ac circuits and Maxwell's equations. Vector calculus is used throughout.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-568. INTERMEDIATE ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM II 3:3:0
A treatment of electrostatics, Dielectric Theory, magnetic phenomena, magnetic media, ac circuits and Maxwell's equations. Vector calculus is used throughout.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-574. SELECTED TOPICS FOR MIDDLE SCHOOL TEACHERS 3:3:0
A course that allows middle school teachers to pursue physics concepts as they relate to middle school science.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-577. SELECTED TOPICS I 3:3:0
A course allowing practicing teachers to pursue independent study of a topic in physics and physical science at the graduate level.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-578. SELECTED TOPICS II 3:3:0
A course allowing practicing teachers to pursue additional independent study of a topic in physics and physical science at the graduate level.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-579. SELECTED TOPICS III 3:3:0
A course allowing practicing teachers to pursue additional independent study of a topic in physics and physical science at the graduate level.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-600. MODERN OPTICS 4:4:0
Electromagnetic description of light and its interaction with matter. Topics include interference, coherence, diffraction, holography, dispersion, polarization, scattering, and confinement.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-601. NONLINEAR OPTICS 4:4:0
Principles of nonlinear interaction of light and matter based on the semi-classical approximation. Definition of nonlinear induced polarization and nonlinear susceptibility. Basic model of the coherent interaction of light with a two-level system is included. Main nonlinear optical effects are studied: harmonic generation, optical parametric amplification, saturation effects, Kerr effect, coherent effects, stimulated light scattering including stimulated Raman scattering, self-focusing and self-defocusing effects, multi-photon ionization, multi-photon ionization, and other nonlinear optical effects. The course also discusses practical applications of the nonlinear optical phenomena and related technology. Prerequisites: PHYS 600.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-602. BIOPHOTONICS I: PRINCIPLES OF LUMINESCENCE 4:4:0
A study of the physics behind light emitting molecules and their applications in biology.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-603. BIOPHOTONICS II: INSTRUMENTATION 3:3:0
An overview of microscopes and other optical instruments used in the biomedical field.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-604. APPLIED OPTICS IN BIOMEDICINE 3:3:0
A treatment of concepts of physics and optics applied to the medical field. Topics include DNA sequencing, in situ
fluorescence, enzyme-based assays, glucose monitoring, HIV detection, and cancer diagnostics.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-605. PRINCIPLES OF LASERS AND OPTICAL DEVICES 4:4:0
Treatment of basic principles of lasers and their applications. Topics to be covered include, fundamentals of quantum electronics, oscillator model, rate equations, stimulated transitions, population inversion, laser amplification, design of laser resonators, principles of q-switching, mode locking, injection locking and modern applications of lasers.
Credit, four hours.
PHYS-606. LABORATORY TECHNIQUES IN OPTICS AND SPECTROSCOPY 3:3:0
Modern spectroscopic methods. Human chromosomes, human leukocyte antigen (hla) haplotyping, enzyme-linked immunoassays (Elisa), diabetes testing and glucose monitoring, pregnancy testing, drug testing, HIV detection, and cancer diagnostics. Prerequisites: PHYS 602, PHYS 603.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-607. INTRODUCTION TO LABVIEW 3:3:0
A hands-on approach to the national instruments labview programming language.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-608. SELECTED TOPICS IN OPTICS AND SPECTROSCOPY I 3:3:0
Current research topics in optics and spectroscopy.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-609. SELECTED TOPICS IN OPTICS AND SPECTROSCOPY II 3:3:0
Current research topics in optics and spectroscopy.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-633. SELECTED TOPICS IN SCIENCE EDUCATION 3:3:0
Current developments in physics education.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-652. CLASSICAL MECHANICS 3:3:0
Lagrangian formulation, the Kepler problem, Rutherford scattering, rotating coordinate systems, rigid body motion, small oscillations, stability problems, and Hamiltonian formulation.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-655. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS 3:3:0
Designed to familiarize students with the use of computers in pursuing theoretical research. Numerical analysis techniques and computational methods employed in the study of physical models will be studied.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-661. SOLID STATE PHYSICS 3:3:0
An introductory study of the structure and physical properties of crystalline solids. Included are topics in crystal structure, lattice vibrations, thermal properties of solids, x-ray diffraction, free electron theory and energy based theory.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-665. STATISTICAL MECHANICS 3:3:0
Laws of thermodynamics, Boltzmann and quantum statistical distributions, with applications to properties of gases, specific heats of solids, paramagnetism, black body radiation and Bose-Einstein condensation.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-667. MATHEMATICAL METHODS OF PHYSICS IV 3:3:0
An advanced treatment of mathematical topics including operators, matrix mathematics, complex variables and eigenvalue problems.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-671. ADVANCED ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY I 3:3:0
Treatment of boundary value problems of electrostatics and magnetostatics, electromagnetic radiation, radiating systems, wave guides, resonating systems and multipole fields.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-672. ADVANCED ELECTROMAGNETIC THEORY II 3:3:0
Treatment of boundary value problems of electrostatics and magnetostatics, electromagnetic radiation, radiating systems,wave guides, resonating systems and multipole fields.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-675. QUANTUM MECHANICS I 3:3:0
A study of the Schroedinger wave equation, operators and matrices, perturbation theory, collision and scattering problems classification of atomic states, and introduction to field quantization.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-676. QUANTUM MECHANICS II 3:3:0
Quantum Mechanics of molecules and solid state. Relastivistic quantum mechanics. Field quantization. Quantum theory of light. Basics of quantum electrodynamics.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-691. RESEARCH I 3:3:3
Independent student research or laboratory work in a specialized field of interest.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-692. RESEARCH II 3:3:3
Independent student research or laboratory work in a specialized field of interest.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-695. MASTER'S THESIS 6:6:6
A research problem in a selected physics topic resulting in a written thesis.
Credit, one to six hours.
PHYS-800. MODERN LASER SPECTROSCOPIC METHODS 3:3:0
Basics of laser spectroscopic techniques and instrumentation. Topics include: ultra violet and visible (uv-vi) absorption spectroscopy; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Raman, fluorescence, and saturation spectroscopy; polarization, correlation, and ultra-fast spectroscopy. Prerequisites: PHYS 600, PHYS 601, PHYS 605.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-801. QUANTUM THEORY OF LIGHT 3:3:0
Quantum mechanical description of light matter interaction. Presentation of basic quantum mechanics and quantum
mechanical treatment of light and atoms. Prerequisites: Consent of the Instructor.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-802. THEORY OF LIGHT SCATTERING 3:3:0
An advanced electricity and magnetism course focused on light interactions with small particles. Topics include Raleigh and Mie scattering, optical properties of nanoparticles and surface plasmon resonance.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-803. MODERN LASER SPECTROSCOPIC METHODS 3:3:0
The laser revolution in spectroscopy. Absorption within the Doppler line, Doppler-free broadening spectroscopy, saturation spectroscopy, multiphoton spectroscopy, laser fluorescence, laser Raman, coherent stokes and antistokes Raman spectroscopy, photon echo and coherent spectroscopy. Ultrafast spectroscopy. Modern trends in spectroscopy.
Credit, three hour.
PHYS-804. PRINCIPLES OF PHOTOCHEMISTRY AND PHOTOBIOLOGY 3:3:0
Review of the main phenomena related to the interaction of light with matter that results in chemical or biological activity. The study of inorganic and organic photochemistry, environmental aspects of photochemistry, atmospheric photochemistry, photosynthesis, visual processing, bio-luminescence, interaction of light with bio-organisms, photo-medicine, and phototherapy.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-805. PHOTOACOUSTIC AND THERMAL SPECTROSCOPY 3:3:0
Fundamentals of photo-acoustic and photo-thermal interaction of light with optical samples. Examination of basic
instrumentations and their applications for characterization of complex samples including biological samples.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-806. MOLECULAR BIOPHYSICS 3:3:0
An overview of the physics of bio-molecular interactions. Topics will include physical models for DNA and protein
systems.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-807. OPTICAL SOLITONS 3:3:0
Basic concepts of the mathematical aspects of optical solitons. Presentation of optical waveguides, the nonlinear
Schrodinger‘s equation, laws of nonlinearity, soliton perturbation, soliton-soliton interactions, Stochastic perturbation of optical solitons, optical couplers, optical switching, magneto-optic waveguides and optical bullets.
Prerequisites: PHYS 601, MTSC 853, MTSC 845.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-808. FIBER OPTICS AND FIBER OPTICS COMMUNICATION 3:3:0
Light propagation in fiber, its dispersion and nonlinear characteristics that play an important role in light communication. Types of fiber-optic devices and their applications to communication. Wavelength division multiplexing.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-809. PHOTONICS AND INFORMATION PROCESSING 3:3:0
Wave propagation in linear optical systems and optical information processing. Topics include: fundamentals of optical propagation, diffraction, optical imaging, Fourier transform, wave-front modulation, signal processing, and basics of optical processing devices.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-810. CURRENT TOPICS IN OPTICS I 3:3:0
Current topics in optics and spectroscopy.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-811. CURRENT TOPICS IN OPTICS II 3:3:0
Current topics in optics and spectroscopy.
Credit, three hours.
PHYS-820. DISSERTATION RESEARCH 9:9:9
The course is for Ph.D. students in the optics program working on their dissertation research project.
Credit, two to eight hours.
PHYS-890. DISSERTATION 9:9:0
Written work that describes the main research results obtained during the completion of the graduate program. The format must comply with the requirements of the College for thesis and dissertations.
Credit, three to nine hours.
PHYS-999. DOCTORAL SUSTAINING 0:0:0
Public oral defense of the thesis that includes presentation of the main research results obtained during the completion of the graduate program. It takes place after evaluation of the written dissertation by the members of the corresponding academic committee.
Credit, none.

## Graduate Program in Physics

Description:

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Objectives
The Master of Science Program in Physics seeks to provide each student with a thorough understanding of the discipline in preparation for employment in research and development programs, or to prepare for advanced degree (Ph.D.) in academic programs.
Options And Requirements
The Department of Physics and Engineering offers graduate study leading to the Master of Science in Physics.
Master of Science in Physics
Admission Requirements:
To be eligible for admission to the Physics Graduate Program, an applicant must have received a Bachelor's Degree in Physics or related area from an accredited college or university. The Graduate Record Examination (GRE) is required. Entering graduate students are expected to have a sound background in intermediate level mechanics, electricity and magnetism, thermal physics and mathematical methods of physics. Any student found deficient in any of these areas may be required to take appropriate courses to remove that deficiency.
Course Requirements:
The requirement for a Master of Science Degree in Physics is thirty (30) credit hours of course work with a minimum average grade of "B". Twenty-four (24) of these must be in graduate physics courses at the 600 level. A sequence of courses required by all candidates includes the following: 26-652, 26-665, 26- 667, 26-671, 26-672, 26-675. A maximum of six (6) credit hours of graduate credit may be granted for physics courses in the 500 level (above 500), or other graduate level courses in the sciences with the approval of the Physics Dept.
For those students electing the Master's Thesis option, a maximum of six (6) credit hours towards a degree can be given for thesis work.
Course descriptions
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A unique feature of the department is the harmonious cooperation of its members, faculty and staff towards one goal: the best education for the students. The performance of the majors has been tested by their success in prestigious graduate schools nationwide. This is complemented with a large inventory of laboratory and research grade equipment. In addition, the department has a network of PC's with modern hardware and software including word processors. These are used for computer-assisted instruction, data collection and analysis, and graphics.
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