Agriculture and Related Sciences

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Fonio Plant


"Fonio is one of many important plants that have caught our eye and stimulated work here."

Dr. Cyril Broderick 
Associate Professor 


Plant Science at DSU The Plant Science sector of the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources within the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences (CARS) at DSU is focused on teaching, research and outreach in addressing the needs of its students, the people of Delaware and the larger reach to the population of the United States with its global affiliations. Because plants are so integral to all life, the need to be au currant with species of plants, their biology, their cultivation, nutritional value and use, the scope of our work with plants is extensive. Scientific studies consequently range from comparative anatomy and physiology through genetics and plant breeding, molecular biology and biotechnology, to enzymology and biochemical and biophysical characterization of important molecules in plant metabolism. Our Focus on Fonio Fonio is one of many important plants that have caught our eye and stimulated work here. The National Academy of Sciences, with numerous other reviews, has identified fonio as a valuable crop that is gluten free, of low glycemic index, and which provides a high quality of essential amino acids in its grain. As a food, it is tasty, and it rectifies deficiencies in grains and other foods that form diets of diabetics and many other medically and nutritionally challenged individuals and patients. Additionally, there exists a tremendous opportunity to improve the crop for local farmers to produce this low-input and high quality grain for the broad array of consumers around the Country and abroad. Photosynthesis is the basic process by which plants uptake carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, and they essentially produce organic molecules or compounds that serve as food and other important products from plants. Three mechanisms of photosynthesis exist, the C3, C4 and CAM pathways of photosynthesis, and the environmental stations of plants relate to their adaptation of one mechanism over the other. Most economic plant species use either the C3 or C4 mechanism; however, evidence suggests that the C4 mechanism is the more recently evolved and more efficient. Higher net photosynthesis is the effect of the C4 mechanism, and corn, sorghum, and sugar cane are examples of  plants that utilize this mechanism. Fonio is another species that is a C4 plant, but per acre yields from fonio plantings are low. We are interested in determining how we can improve yields and best use the advantages of this species in providing for our population of consumers. Our focus on fonio involves: Work to understand genetic and physiological traits of fonio, plant genetics, molecular biology, biochemistry and physiology Training both undergraduate and graduate students during the investigation of this crop that produces nutritionally rich and potentially very profitable new crop. Work for its adoption by local farmers to increase income make a lasting impact that would ultimately boost nutritional quality, food security, and global food supply.

Cooperative Research Archive

COOPERATIVE RESEARCH NEWS Click links below for more information on:   Nearly $700,000.00 in new grants   BATS AND BALLS ON A GOLF COURSE?!   CATFISH SAFETY INSPECTION PROGRAM

CARS Conversations Archive

  Meet Beverly C. Banks, 4-H  & Youth Development agent, and 2014 Jefferson Award winner! The award is a way to honor “Unsung Heroes"— ordinary people who do extraordinary things without expectation of recognition.  Beverly, a native of Bridgeville, Delaware, attended Delaware State College, now Delaware State University (DSU)—the same institution her mother attended when DSU was The State College for Colored Students.  Beverly graduated from DSU with a degree in Business Education. After graduation, Beverly transitioned from DSU student to DSU employee by working in the Jason C. Williams library as a librarian assistant for 6 months. While there, she helped organize library resources and assisted patrons. Beverly left campus employment for other opportunities, but returned to DSU in 2005 as a part-time employee for Cooperative Extension in the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences; she eventually became a full-time employee where she remains to this day.  Beverly is a spark of creativity. On any given day, you will find Beverly engaged in planning innovative activities for the young people. Her work includes organizing community afterschool programs in underserved communities. A few of the programs Beverly has been responsible for include establishing 4-H Afterschool program sites. During each session, Beverly and the volunteers she recruits teach children citizenship, healthy living, public speaking and life skills. Beverly augments her programs by inviting colleagues to present on agriculture and nutrition topics. These skills, she knows, will help young participants gain the poise, self-discipline and self-confidence needed to compete in the global arena. Additionally, Beverly organizes weeklong celebrations for youth each summer. Both the Boys Retreat and Juneteenth activities introduce participants to educational themes that are life enriching. Beverly says her primary goal is to provide activities and events that keep children engaged. When asked what is it that she enjoys most about her job she simply stated, “servicing as a resource.” Beverly enjoys being a mentor that helps with youth development. She believes that in today’s society, getting back to the basics is essential and builds for a much stronger foundation.   Beverly promotes DSU 4-H on national, state, and local levels. She involves the youth in many conferences, competitions, challenges, and exposes her recruited volunteers to forums and state recognition opportunities. Having the right attitude. Before Joseph Morton began working in the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences (CARS), he started his career at Delaware State University in the Office of Financial Aid. When asked by Dr. Kenneth Bell, former CARS dean, to work in the college, Joseph readily accepted. Joseph first served as secretary for the Department of Family and Consumer Science, now Human Ecology, for four years, and Cooperative Extension for two years. For the last four years, he has worked as the senior secretary for Center for Integrated Biological & Environmental Research (CIBER). Based on his varied experience in departments across campus, Joseph believes that the CARS community is tight knit and more family oriented than elsewhere on campus. “The attitude of people within CARS is relaxed,” he said. “It might have something to do with agriculture and the fact that we also have outreach and deal with the community more than other colleges on campus.” Joseph starts his day in CIBER by creating a “to do list,” to prioritize projects. Before he begins his daily work, Joseph checks in with personnel in the CIBER lab to see what administrative needs and supplies they may need. A typical day for Joseph may include preparing purchase orders, reviewing credit card expenses, scheduling student employment, updating reports, working with faculty across campus who have seed grants from CIBER, filing electronic documents and following up on programs for the students. He also coordinates meetings and records minutes. Along with those duties, he also corresponds with faculty from other colleges that are a part of CIBER. Besides DSU, CIBER—a  regional, network hub that promotes collaborative research—also includes Wesley College, Delaware Technical Community College (DTCC) and University of Delaware. “Delaware State University’s motto is ‘making our mark on the world.’ I believe in order for us to do that we have to get people to see the bigger picture. We have to realize that we are a part of that picture.” In his personal time, Joseph enjoys taking day trips. He likes to explore new destinations and meet new people. What does she see in the sea? Lori Brown, a Rhode Island native, is no stranger to the bay. She has always wanted to study marine biology. “Growing up by the coast,” Lori says,  “I always spent time by the water; I was always environmentally oriented. It’s where my passion has always been.” Lori graduated from the University of Maine at Machias (UMM), with a double major in environmental science and marine biology. After graduating, she worked as an AmeriCorps VISTA volunteer for a year developing an experiential learning program for UMM. At the university, she helped develop both classroom and hands-on field experiences for students that also benefited the community. Before coming to Delaware State University, Lori spent a year conducting laboratory research in nuclear cardiology at Yale University’s School of Medicine. Lori has been with the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources for 11 years. Through her current projects, she uses acoustic telemetry to study Sand Tiger sharks and Atlantic Sturgeon. The study includes tagging and tracking the different species, examining habitat utilization, and movement patterns. She also manages a data-sharing program called the Atlantic Cooperative Telemetry Network. Through this network, researchers use acoustic telemetry along the entire Atlantic coast. Lori’s time is split working with students, in the field, processing samples, managing inventory, and managing all the data that is collected. When asked what she enjoyed most about her job she simply replied, “I really like working with the students.” She was eager to get a position at a small university because the university she attended was very small, and she appreciated the one-on-one interaction. In her spare time, Lori loves hiking, biking, running, and kayaking as well as making her own beer and cider.         Ready for your close up, Jana? CARS has a staff member from Hollywood! Hollywood, Florida, that is! Before working at DSU, Jana Rheaume (Ree–oom) spent two and one-half years as a secretary in the U.S Military Air force—based in the countries of Turkey and England. Upon arriving in Dover, Jana began working for DSU as a temp in the maintenance department, William C. Jason Library, Center for Teaching and Learning and for the Vice President of Business and Finance. After which, she landed her current position as secretary in the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources—a position she has held for the past 12 years. From the moment she enters the office each morning, to the time she leaves each afternoon, Jana works tirelessly for Ag and Natural Resources. Besides serving as the face of the department, greeting people in person and via telephone, Jana’s job duties have included maintaining students’ files, registering students for classes and archiving files. “This is the best place I’ve worked on campus,” says Jana, “considering how long I’ve spent here; cool co-workers, people are great, good boss, good dean and I love the kids; the kids are what keep me here.”   Everyone has a story. Here’s Pablo’s… An expert in the field of Information Technology (IT), Pablo Mojica has worked for Delaware State University for 12 years. He has spent the last four years in the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences (CARS).   Pablo, a native of Panama, has lived in the United States for 16 years. Prior to his arrival in the U.S., he earned an associate’s degree in programming and a bachelor’s degree in technology from the Technological University of Panama. Prior to his employment with Delaware State University (DSU), Pablo worked for a small private contractor in IT. Because that company held contracts with DSU, Pablo grew extremely familiar with the campus and its staff. In 2006, after finding the solutions to many network issues, he secured a position with the DSU help desk—a position that he describes as the beginning of many opened doors. Pablo’s move from the help desk to the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences (CARS) in 2010 signaled his desire to explore expanded possibilities. “It was a great idea to come work for CARS," says Pablo. "It's a great place to grow and accept more responsibilities.” A typical day for Pablo is making his daily rounds every morning. Opening the labs in the Baker building and Ag Annex. Following that he checks the Dean office to make sure there are no problems.  After making his rounds he goes back to his office and checks his email to respond to work orders. Followed by establishing a plan of the day. “I try to be proactive, instead of waiting around.” Pablo's greatest responsibility thus far has been establishing an Apple platform to support the faculty and staff using Apple devices. It has proven to be a challenge that requires the full demand of his expertise. During his free time, Pablo enjoys riding his Honda Shadow motorcycle and exploring new places. He also provides volunteer IT service for his place of worship, Maranatha Christian Church, because he enjoys helping others. 

CARS Conversations

CARS Conversations September 2014  Man on a MissionMeet Alex D. Meredith, the recruiter for the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences (CARS) at Delaware State University. Alex is no stranger to the university, having spent time throughout his life on campus—first as a child of an alum and employee, then as a student, and now as an employee himself. Alex comes from a proud Hornet legacy that includes his father (1969), uncle (1982), brother (2008 and 2010), and mother (2013).  According to Alex, there’s a purpose for his presence at Delaware State University; he relishes his mission as a strong student advocateAlex had no clue he would end up working in agriculture; he thought he would be in education or business. “I thought I was going to be a business major like my father, but looking back as a child, I was always involved in growing plants as a hobby,” says Alex. It was not until he was convinced otherwise by Dr. Kenneth Bell, former CARS dean, and Dr. Ralph Crawford, former USDA liaison. “They truly made me realize the opportunities available in Agriculture not only as a global marketplace (business), but as a necessity for the existence of life.” Alex realized majoring in Agriculture Business would provide him with the best of both worlds.After earning his B.S. in Agri-Business from DSU in 2004, Alex worked on a M.S. in Ag Economics from North Carolina A&T State University before completing  his M.S. in Agricultural Education from Southern Illinois University-Carbondale.“After graduating from DSU, I made a few transitions until, ultimately, finding my niche. Sharing and preparing students for these experiences is what keeps me in the College of Agriculture & Related Sciences.”As the CARS recruiter, Alex visits with high school students throughout Delaware, the mid-Atlantic region and in key ag feeder markets throughout the country. Additionally, he has served as an adjunct professor; assists Dr. Rich Barczewski in the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources; and is past advisor to DSU’s Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Sciences (MANRRS) chapter. He and the DSU MANRRS chapter earned honors in 2011 as MANRRS Advisor of the Year and Educational Organization of the Year. Part of his passion is advising the  CARS Ambassadors Program, which he founded. The Ambassadors organization consists of CARS students who help recruit and perform agriculture & related sciences initiatives. “I love advising the Ambassadors because I am able to utilize my expertise in professional development to help our students develop skills that they will need in the marketplace. It’s a win/win for the student participant and for the College.”  .When asked what he enjoys most about CARS, Alex replied, “The students. Without them, there would be no need for me. I enjoy watching students evolve from ‘entry to exit’ or orientation until graduation.”To help students visualize the transition from college to career, Alex encourages students to seek employment and internships within their fields of study. Working alongside professionals in their fields gives students the professional experience needed to transition into gainful employment.  “I am proud to say, since I was a student, Delaware State University has grown tremendously in preparing and linking students to internship and employment opportunities,” said Alex.In his down time, Alex serves as a behavioral interventionist with New Behavioral Networks Group working with adolescent youth. He also enjoys spending time with family and friends, traveling, reading, church, cooking, and his new found love, jogging. When he is gracious enough to cook for the college, it’s dirty rice or smothered pork chops; for himself?“It’s Jamaican ox tails, red beans and rice and potato casserole.” We’re hungry, Alex… ARCHIVE

About CARS Conversations

CARS Conversations was created to recognize staff members for their dedicated service to the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences. Visit this page each month to learn about people behind the scenes of CARS. Through this platform, we celebrate these vital members of the DSU community.



Seining in the Summer
Students participating in the Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) program this summer 'wade in the water' for scientific discovery. 

  CIBER hosts multiple, competitive science programs this year Students (pictured above) participating in the summer Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) competitive internship program use seining nets, at the direction of Mr. Anthony Jackson (second from left, DNREC – AREC), to examine organisms living in the Delaware Bay in late spring. Students (L to R): Allexander Yllanes, Jesse Gray, Connor Dixon, Michael Okoronkwo, Haaris Ali, Kyle Gillespie, Kelley Clark, Obenson Oscar, Caroline Davis and Ashley Harmon. The activities took place at Cape Henlopen State Park and also involved USDA Bioenergy (NEWBio) scholars. REUand NEWBio students are working in the Center for Integrated Biological and Environmental Research (CIBER) laboratory in CARS.  REU For nine weeks each summer, 10 students are selected to work with research mentors from DSU, Del-Tech, DE Biotechnology Institute and Wesley College in the REU program. Students learn lab techniques and bioinformatics, ethics, scientific communications skills and participate in a poster presentation. NEWBio Students in this competitive research program study plant genetics and genomics addressing both basic and applied questions.  This includes understanding plant responses to abiotic and biotic stresses in order to develop molecular markers that will assist in breeding as well as understanding the genomes, transcriptomes, and epigenomes of plants.  CIBER is a regional faculty network hub that includes Delaware State University, Wesley College, Delaware Technical Community College (DTCC) and University of Delaware. The Center identifies funding and collaborative opportunities for researchers, research instrumentation training, coordinates the use and maintenance of key common research facilities at DSU and encourages integration of research and outreach activities for partner institutions. For more information about these programs and CIBER, contact Dr. Venugopal Kalavacharla: (302) 857-6453,          

CARS/Battle of the Colleges

Your financial support can help students like... Akida: Environmental Policy Michael: Food Science   Donate here by April 25: Select the College of Agriculture & Related Sciences’ flag.    



Dr. Stephen E. Lumor is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Human Ecology for the Food Science Program.

STEPHEN E. LUMOR, Ph.D. Assistant Professor – Food Science Program Department of Human Ecology Delaware State University 1200 N. DuPont Highway, Dover, DE19901 (302) 857-6422 Stephen E. Lumor, Ph.D., is an assistant professor (food chemistry) in the Department of Human Ecology, Delaware State University. Dr. Lumor’s research interests include lipid oxidation and shelf-life assessment of polyunsaturated oils; antioxidants from tropical plants; shelf-life modeling; low-cholesterol dairy products; and functional products from lipids. Before joining the faculty at Delaware State, Dr. Lumor was a postdoctoral associate in the Department of Food Science and Nutrition at the University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota. At the University, Dr. Lumor worked on the development of chemical and biochemical methods for rapid detection and inactivation of warfare agents in food. His work at the University yielded four peer-reviewed articles.  A native of Keta, Ghana, Dr. Lumor obtained his Bachelor of Science degree in Biochemistry from the University of Ghana. In 2003, Dr. Lumor moved to the United States to further his education, pursuing a Master’s and Ph.D. in Food Science and Technology at the University of Georgia in Athens, Georgia. While at the University of Georgia, Dr. Lumor investigated the synthesis of trans-free structured lipids for use as alternatives to partially hydrogenated fat in margarine formulation. This work resulted in seven peer-reviewed publications and eight presentations at international meetings. RESEARCH   Samuel Sojourner, Ashley Murphy and Peta-Gay Jackson operating a gas chromatograph RESEARCH INTERESTS ·      Lipid oxidation and shelf-life assessment of polyunsaturated oils ·      Antioxidants from tropical plants ·      Low-cholesterol dairy products ·      Shelf-life modeling ·      Functional products from lipids Polymers, moisture barrier edible coatings, etc.          ·      Food Defense ·      New Product Development     Graduate students Adelo Salako and Anh Nguyen analyzing HPLC data  



Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences

            MANRRS members participated in the semi-annual clean up days for maintaining the section of highway that is the responsibility of the DSU MANNRS Club in the Kent County Adopt-a-Highway sponsored by the Delaware Department of Transportation. Changing the Face of Agriculture by Linking Hands around the World Mission To promote academic and professional advancement by empowering minorities in agriculture, natural resources and related sciences. Purpose "We, the members of this society, pledge to support endeavors that will always foster and promote the agricultural sciences and related fields in a positive manner among ethnic minorities. We also pledge to initiate and participate in activities and programs that will ensure that ethnic minorities will also be involved in and associated with the agricultural sciences and related fields. We pledge to work for the inclusion, achievement, and advancement of all people in the agricultural sciences." Activities Semi-annual Adopt-A-Mile highway clean up Community Garden with the USDA Service projects for the underserved in the surrounding community College of Agriculture and Related Sciences outreach activity assistance 2012 Mr. and Miss MANRRS ( Jordan Evelyn & Gabrielle Delima) Dr. Susan Yost, Miss MANRRS Gabrielle Delima and USDA 1890 Liaison Chandra Owens assisted in the annual clean up and planting of the People's Garden sponsored by the USDA agencies. History Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources and Related Sciences (MANRRS) began as a shared vision by a group of agriculture students and faculty members at Michigan State University and Pennsylvania State University. Their goal was to develop partnerships between minority students and professionals within academic institutions, government, and agriculturally-related industries. That commitment led to the first national MANRRS conference, held at Michigan State University, in 1986. Since then, MANRRS has become a national organization comprised of thousands of student and professional members. MANRRS is a non-profit, national society that welcomes membership of people of all racial and ethnic groups who are interested in agricultural careers and those in related sciences. MANRRS members are encouraged to be full participants in other professional societies for their basic disciplinary and career interests. However, MANRRS attempts to provide networks to support professional development of minorities. Meeting Date Meetings are held first and third Thursdays of each month in the Ag Annex building (#47), Room 212, at 11:15 am. National MANRRS     

MANRRS is a student organization of the College of Agriculture and Related Sciences

MANRRS Staff and Officers


Advisor 1:
 Chandra Owens, USDA 1890 Liaison
 (302) 857-7131
Advisor 2:
Dr. Dahlia O’Brien, Assistant Professor
(302) 857-6490
Miss Peta Gay Jackson
Vice President
Miss Gabrielle Delima
Miss Akida Ferguson
Miss Cami McJett
Miss Shanice Yearwood


CARS Calendar Of Events

Calendar of Events ♦ College of Agriculture and Related Sciences September 21, 2013- KIDS DAY 2013- Wilmington DE DSU Healthy Start is preparing for KIDS DAY 2013 sponsored by the Boys and Girls Club of America. Come out on 9/21 at the Riverfront of Wilmington from 12-5pm. There will be different vendors and activities for children of ALLL ages! As DSU SNAP-ED Program: we will promote healthy eating, food safety and provide GIVEAWAYS to the children who participate!